In this day and age, with so many options to serve as distraction, lack of concentration has become a very common problem. Almost everyone suffers from the same at some point or the other. However that does not necessarily mean that the person is suffering from ADHD. The question o I have ADHD?’ however keeps popping almost every time we face any inability to focus. You might, but to surely answer that question one first have to know the answer to another question, that is hat is ADHD?’
Firstly let’s acknowledge the fact that it is a medical condition. So the best advice is to consult a doctor when faced with doubts. There is no harm to be aware of the symptoms though. It is rather necessary for even any doubt to arise. The following might help determining whether or not you gave ADHD.
This brings us back to the question what is ADHD?’
ADHD or Attention Deficit and Hyperactive Disorder is a mental health condition mostly suffered from a very young age that however continues to thrive even in the adulthood.
ADHD is a not a modern day problem. However it has risen over the years. There are reportedly more than 10 million cases per year in India. It is an inability to focus or pay attention. The lack of attention is caused and\or accompanied by hyperactivity. It affects a child’s academic performance alongside social acceptance. Also the child often faces other issues like lack of self esteem or anxiety issues.
It may either be caused due to genetics or because of various environmental factors. Treatment helps in betterment but is not completely curable.
- Predominantly hyperactive
- Mostly inattentive with some amount of hyperactivity
- A balanced combination of hyperactivity and inattentiveness.
However, ADHD is hard to determine in toddlers because the hyperactivity which is one of the symptoms of ADHD is very difficult to distinguish from the general impulsivity or inattentiveness of a typical child. So while diagnosing a child under the age of four one must look for six or more symptoms to confirm the case. In case of adolescents that number cuts down to a minimum of five.
The general symptoms can in categorized in two types namely behavioral and cognitive .
Behavioral: aggression is one common habit among the patients of ADHD alongside impulsivity and irritability. People suffering from ADHD therefore intend to take decisions in life harshly.
Lack of restrain, repeating words and actions are other common behavioral pattern found in the patients.
Cognitive: persistent absent mindedness, Forgetfulness, Short attention span, Difficulty focusing are some of the major symptoms that fall under the cognitive category.
A patient of ADHD also suffers from mood swings in almost a daily basis constantly shifting mood from the extremes of anger to frustration to excitement.
However to answer the question o I have ADHD, more accurately one must go deeper into the specifications of the symptoms rather than basing their confirmation completely on the general ones.
As goes the types of ADHD in three different categories, the symptoms for the individual types also differ from each other to a large extent.
Symptoms for predominantly in active presentation
Failure in giving attention to details
General attention span is extensively short
Poor listening skills
Difficulty in following instructions
Struggles with organizing work
Avoiding tasks that requires sustained mental efforts
Forgetful in day to day activities
Symptoms for predominantly hyperactive and impulsive
Constant fidgeting hands or feet
Struggle to keep seated for long
Facing difficulty in engaging in activities quietly
Random burst outs for even the pettiest reasons
Difficulty in waiting for anything or anyone
Symptoms for individuals with a combination of hyperactivity and inattentiveness is also a combined mixture of the symptoms of the other two types.
These symptoms however have a chance to change over time as a person grows older. So, one may start with one type of ADHD and land in another type in a different phase of their life.
Other common mental health problems often associated with ADHD are depression or learning disability. So, one who suffers from ADHG might also have symptoms of other health diseases, which can make the situation confusing. The best way to tell is to consult a doctor. There in not just one single test that goes into the process of determining. The psychologists dig deep into all detailed information about the apparent symptoms in their patients. So, when in doubt, consult a doctor without delay. The sooner one finds out the easier it gets to treat.